PreSchool

Dear Preschool Parents,

We hope this finds you safe and well with your families.  As therapists and educators we know that this is a big change to your lifestyle and routines.  You probably have concerns about providing what you student needs during this time.

We are enclosing a calendar with simple daily activities you can do with your child that are appropriate to his/her age.  These activities are meant to enrich and keep the minds and bodies of the children active.

Below you will find some additional ideas with which you can creatively address the cognitive, sensory and motor needs of your child.  These are suggestions and meant to be a launching pad for you to develop and personalize your child’s experience.

 

Gross Motor (Using the muscles of the body for larger movements):

-Go outside as much as possible!  Playing on climbing toys and using riding toys are a great way to alert the senses, strengthen the body and prepare to pay attention to indoor activities. 

-Preschoolers are working on balance skills and becoming more and more coordinated.  You can work on    this by:

-supervising them while they walk on narrow surfaces such as curbs (not along roads),

-walking backwards on these surfaces,

-hopping forward on two feet (like a bunny), try big jumps like up to 2-3’,

-standing on one foot (start with holding on to a chair or other stable object and then letting   go), counting or singing to see how long they can do this,

-hopping on one foot, see how far they can hop.  (sing a song like ABC’s. etc.),

-jumping over objects or from one object to another with two feet,

-jumping in place such as on a mini trampoline (taking care to be safe),

-climbing up and down stairs with help if necessary but moving toward placing one foot on each step,

-jumping down from a stable object start with a step 7” and increase to 18” then up to 21” making sure the landing area is soft and safe,

-practicing running for speed. “Let’s see how fast you can run to that tree, I’ll time you!”,

-working on galloping like a horse. You can have them ride a broomstick and pretend to be

 cowboys(girls),

-setting up an obstacle course that requires going over, under, through,etc.

-spinning jumping swinging and bouncing are all great motor and sensory

 experiences.

 

Sensory (Motor):

              - playing outside to encourage exploration of all textures, grass, rocks, dirt, and sand,

              -log rolling downhill then try up!

              -making “snow angels” in the grass,

              -crawling on tummy and forearms in the grass or on carpet.  Set up a situation so they can go

               under, over and through, objects. (This is heavy work),

              -If you have a safe space, see if they can pull themselves along laying on the tummy on a

               skateboard. (Use a helmet!),

              -try sitting on the skateboard (helmet on) and pulling with his/her feet to go forward and

               backward.

              -using sidewalk chalk preferably on a vertical surface if you have one that can be hosed,

              -use paint brushes and buckets of water to paint on the sides of buildings (don’t worry

               It’s just water).  Encourage him/her to paint vertical and horizontal lines, circles, +, and X,

              -inside or (out) use shallow bins with sand, kinetic sand, beans, rice or feed corn to hide objects.

               Use old kitchen utensils, beach shovels and buckets or just his /her hands.

              -Doing heavy work such as pushing and pulling heavy objects such as chairs, wagons, laundry

               baskets, etc.

-looking up ways to make slime, kinetic sand, playdough, and oobleck on the internet (Pinterest),

-finger painting. You don’t need paint! You can use whipped cream, pudding and jello. 

              -baking together giving him/her his own dough to knead or batter to stir.

              -adding language enrichment and thinking challenges about “how many,” “what

               color?”, “tell me what it smells like”, “is it squishy?”, etc.

-exploring, talking, and creating your own experiences where you and your child are paying   attention  to the same things.

              -trying some “yoga” poses especially animals and familiar things like trees.  Have your child be

               creative and make up his/her own poses which you then must imitate.  The internet is full

               of “yoga” for kids.  (zensationalkids.com, and “Pinterest” have many).

              -reading a story then acting out the parts or doing animal or object poses from the

               Story are great ways to work on body awareness and coordination.

              -engaging your child in housework routines such as folding, dusting, digging holes for planting,

               etc.  It may not turn out perfect but learning is always going on.

             

Fine Motor (Using the smaller muscles and movements of the hands and fingers):

              -looking at the way you hold your pen or pencil will help you know what we

               are working toward. Holding the crayon or marker with fingers pointed toward

               the paper and thumb, index and long fingers grasping .

              -If you have crayons that you don’t mind breaking, break them in half.  This forces

               your child to use a more mature grasp on the crayon.  Crayola “Pip Squeaks” markers a

               are also good for this,

              -if possible working on an elevated surface sometimes.  Hanging paper on the wall or

               The refrigerator are great options (Supervise),

              -having your child work on drawing vertical, then horizontal lines, followed by circles, +,

               X, squares and triangles.

              -having him/her combine shapes to draw a picture of him/herself or family,

              -work on simple shapes to color within the lines.

              -putting stickers on the paper 4-6” apart, challenge him/her to draw a straight line

               between them.  (Try creating a challenge such as “make the mouse go straight to

               the cheese to eat it up” or something similar based on the stickers or pictures you draw.),

              -having your child trace on top of bold lines or letters you draw first with a marker,

              -practicing snipping the edge of paper or cutting bold straight lines moving toward more

               curved lines.  Spring assisted scissors that help with opening are useful if you have them. 

               Have you child work on cutting with his/her thumb up and elbows down at his/her side.

              -if you have scraps of paper and a bin or other large container, just letting them cut and cut with

               safety scissors,

              -using tongs and tweezers are great practice for scissors.  Your child can practice picking up

               cotton balls, pom poms, and other small objects.  Using an old ice cube tray is fun to have

               him/her fill each space,

              -making homemade playdough. Your child can practice cutting this along with rolling snakes,

               pinching along the snake, making  lots of little balls rolling then pinching etc.   (Be

               creative),

              -trying other activities such as placing clothes pins on the edge of a container or cardboard box,

               and stringing pasta or cereal on a shoelace are both fun and skill building,

              -doing visual motor activities with blocks or interlocking blocks such as “Lego” or “Duplo” are

               wonderful activities.  Try making patterns such as red, green, red, green… that he/she can

               follow.  See if you child can imitate a simple block design with 4-6 blocks that you create.

Adaptive:

              -WASHING HANDS.  Singing the ABCs will help them do it for the right amount of

               time and create lots of lather which kills viruses and germs,

              -working on potty training if your child has not yet finished training you have lots of time to

 work on this!  Also working on taking down and pulling up clothing,

              -helping with household chores such as sorting laundry and silverware, helping load the

                dishwasher etc.,

              -allowing some independence with dressing and undressing.  This is a good time to let him/her 

               Choose his/her own clothing,

              -using a fork and table knife.  This can be done while eating or playing with playdough.

Looking at every activity as an opportunity for learning and growth is the best approach during this time at home.  This being said, remember that safety is first! Always provide safety equipment (such as helmets) and avoid road danger by staying off of them when playing outside. Using safety scissors and utensils are some other ways you can keep your child safe.  The most important is your eyes.  Parent’s supervision and engagement in activities are the best ways you can monitor safety and promote skill development.   Interaction provides the best learning opportunities.  We suggest limiting unnecessary screen time. This includes cell phones, IPads and television.  Educational programs and occasional children’s movies can be developmentally appropriate.     

It is our hope that the time you are able to spend with your preschooler will be fulfilling and enriching for both of you as well as your family!  Have fun until meet again!!

Teacher Marlene and Teacher Cindy

Website by SchoolMessenger Presence. © 2020 Intrado Corporation. All rights reserved.